a. Teaching Writing Skills
1) Traditional approaches
2) Study of better writers & their learning
3) Some techniques for
4) Sample techniques for teaching
5) Techniques for
teaching advance students
6) More ideas
7) Some conclusions
Carson, J.G. (1994) Writing Groups: Cross-Cultural Issues. The
Journal of Second Language Writing, 3, (pp. 17-30).
Conner, U. & R. Kaplan (Eds). (1987) Writing Across Languages (especially
pp 57-72) Reading, MA: Addison Wesley.
Connors, R. & C. Glenn. (1992) The St. Martin's Guide to Teaching Writing. Second
Edition. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Ferris, D. & Hedgcock, J. (1998) Teaching ESL Composition: Purpose, Process,
and Practice. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Jacobs, R. (1995) English Syntax: A Grammar for English Language Professionals. New
York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Jones, S. & J. Tetroe. (1987) Composing in a Second Language. In A.
Matsuhasi (Ed.), Writing in Real Time (pp. 34-57). New York: Longman.
2. Tips for
to Pagoda Hotel / UH Campus (PDF)
to UH Dormitory / UH Campus (PDF)
click the icon to download if you do not have Acrobat Reader).
you plan to extend your trip to the mainland, make sure to purchase
tickets and confirm reservations before you depart from your country.
would be very helpful to consult with a CAPE alumnus
in your region.
about Hawaii prior to your arrival may make your
stay here more enjoyable.
helpful pre-departure tips for pleasant travel:
1) travel light by making a list of absolute essentials and
2) don't forget to bring your 'Sense of Humor'.
b. Some things to Pack
is recommended that participants bring the following: light sweater/jacket,
sandals, casual shoes, swim suit, folding umbrella, spare suitcase,
camera, emergency medicine for colds or indigestion. You may of
course choose to purchase such items here in Hawaii. Note, however,
that it can be inconvenient to purchase emergency medicine in Hawaii,
especially when they are medications that require a doctor's prescription.
is the land of endless summers. Although the average temperature
is 71°-80°F (21°-27°C), you will be able to enjoy
cool breezes thanks to Hawaii's trade winds. From December through
March, mornings and evenings feel like autumn weather even though
daytime temperatures are like summer.
d. Tipping in Hawaii
is customary to tip airport porters, restaurant waiters, and hotel
bellboys, etc. for their services. 10-20% is an appropriate amount.
For instance, if the taxi fare is $20, an appropriate tip would
be $3.00. A 15% tip is adequate in most restaurants, except in
cafeterias and fast food restaurants where you should not tip.
Although there is no set rate for porters, bellboys and housekeepers,
it is customary to tip one dollar for one or two suitcases and
add 25 to 50 cents per additional suitcase. Also leave a couple
of dollars on your pillow daily for the housekeepers who clean
your room. (One dollar would be sufficient if you are a student.)
e. Arrival in Hawaii
first day in Hawaii may be a bit challenging. Keep in mind most
international flights arrive between 6 am and 10 am but hotel
check-in is not until 3 pm. (Check-out time is 12:00 noon).
may take several hours to go through immigration and customs.
After processing through customs, use the marked Exit straight
ahead of you for individual arrivals, or take the left-hand Exit if coming with a group. (If you are alone and accidentlly take this Exit, just look for a taxi.)
Upon coming out, approach the taxi dispatchers and wait
for them to get you a taxi. Taxi fare from the airport
to the Pagoda Hotel are around $25 to $30 for an individual riding
to the Front Desk of your hotel and complete the check-in
procedure. It is convenient to use VISA or Master Card.
You can also use Traveler's Checks or pay in cash (US
dollars). If you are lucky, your room will be available. As always, please respect the other customers and stand in line.
early check-in is not possible, you will have to wait
several hours before you can get settled in your living
quarters. Here are some helpful suggestions on how
to spend those hours:
- Have your luggage stored in the hotel 'Storage Room' or leave
it with your friends who were able to check-in early.
- Once you get your room number, store your valuables, cash,
passport, etc. in the hotel 'Safety Box'.
- If you are desperate for sleep, you can relax on the chairs
around the hotel swimming pools (one at the Pagoda Tower and
one at the Pagoda Terrace.)
- Those who can do without sleep might want to drop by the conveniently
located Don Quijote supermarket where you will find a grocery store,
post office, and drug store.
- If you still have some energy left, you can go to Ala Moana
Shopping Center (one of the biggest outdoor malls in the world)
which is within 10 to 15 minutes' walking distance.
- Go to the beach! Cross Ala Moana Boulevard in front of Ala
Moana Center, walk through the park toward the ocean, and beautiful
Ala Moana Beach will welcome you.
Although you may not be able to do all the things listed above,
exploring some of the places mentioned will help you become familiar
f. Daily Schedule
daily schedule begins at 8:30 am and ends at 12:20 pm. The CAPE
program is held at the University of Hawaii at Manoa (UH). You
can take the Bus to UH at 7:15, 7:30, or 7:45am at the corner
of Kaheka & Rycroft Street in front of the hotel. It takes about
15 to 20 minutes to reach UH by Bus. Bus fare is $2.50 for adults or $1.25 for Middle/High School students ("youth"), and exact
change is required. Either dollar bills (paper) or coins are accepted.
A monthly bus pass may be purchased for $60.00 (adult) or $30.00 (youth).
will have free time after class sessions--unless a field
trip or visitation is scheduled. Participants are urged
to be active and try to gain various experiences. First
hand knowledge of different cultures and life styles can
only be acquired through exploration. Helpful information
on the use of free time will be provided in the CAPE orientation
attending the workshop, participants will have access to UH libraries and can photocopy materials if necessary. Access to e-mail willl also be available.
g. Computer Use
For those who wish to use e-mail:
Please wear a Name Tag to identify yourself as a CAPE participant
at the CLIC (Sinclair Library).
It is highly recommended that the user would first obtain a free
e-mail account at www.hotmail.com or www.yahoo.com
Access to these e-mail accounts is via the web browsers Netscape
Navigator or Microsoft Internet Explorer.
Computers having access to these web browsers can be found at:
Sinclair Library - located in the Wong Audiovisual Center & Digital Media Studio
Hamilton Library - 1st floor & 4th floor & 5th floor
If the library is not busy, then the user can just use the computer without time
limitations. However, if the library is busy, then there is a signup sheet near
the computers (ask librarian/receptionist if they cannot find/see it). The sign-up
sheet allows an individual to use one computer for 30 minutes. ALL COMPUTERS
IN HAMILTON LIBRARY ARE NOT INSTALLED WITH WEB BROWSERS. THE USER SHOULD LOOK
FOR COMPUTERS DESIGNATED FOR INTERNET USAGE.
Depending on the version of web browser installed in the UH computers,
the user may have to communicate via e-mail in English.
East West Center Dormitory: You can purchase an Ethernet cable ($5) and connect to the Internet.
Pagoda Hotel: Free internet (username/password) will be provided after arrival. There is only one internet access outlet per room. Wi-Fi is only provided in the main lobby. Therefore, it is recommended that one roommate brings a Wireless Router with them so that all roommates may have access to the internet.
UH Campus: You must apply for Wireless Access on UH campus. The fee is $10. Please let CAPE know if you would like to apply for UH Wireless Access.
Electronic outlets in Hawaii (and the rest of the U.S.) use 120 Volts. If you have electronic equipment that requires 220 volts, please bring your own converter or purchase one here after arriving.
h. Sharing a Dorm/Hotel Room/Roommates
is not always possible to satisfy all roommate requests due to
circumstances beyond our control. 1) If the number of double-room applicants is an odd number, one person will be assigned to a single room. 2) If your assigned roommate does not show up or give advance notice you may be responsible for the cost of the entire room.
Cases like these, however, can be resolved through understanding and cooperation.
The following participants will not need to concern themselves with the problems listed above: single-room applicants, couples, those who arrive together with roommates, group participants with prearranged roommate lists.
can eat either in their hotel rooms (Pagoda Terrace has kitchenettes
and cooking utensils.) or at UH. Breakfast at the UH cafeteria
averages $3-4, lunch $5-7. Participants have more options for dinner.
Some participants like to eat dinner in their hotel rooms. (Note:
Pagoda Tower, unlike Pagoda Terrace, is not equipped with cooking
facilities, just a small refrigerator. Approximately 20% of the
participants will be assigned to Pagoda Tower.) Those who plan
to cook their own dinners may want to either bring some food items
from their countries or buy them here in Hawaii. Various ethnic
food items such as rice, ramen, and kimchi are available. There
are also a variety of restaurants around the hotel.
be notified that, as a matter of policy, CAPE does not give discounts
on tuition under any circumstances, even when the participant chooses
to attend only a fraction of its program or programs.
accepts VISA, MASTERCARD and JCB credit cards for payments.
We hope that the information provided here may be of some
help with your preparation before departure. Note, however, the above information is merely a guide, and it may not be applicable to all participants as we have variety of programs. We cordially welcome
your participation. Aloha!
If you have any questions please e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
To visit our homepage click on www.cape.edu
The Bus: www.thebus.org
Pagoda Hotel: www.pagodahotel.com